Aquaculture now supplies half of the seafood and fisheries products consumed worldwide and is gaining international significance as a source of food and income. Future demands for seafood and fisheries products can only be met by expanded aquaculture production that will likely become more intensive and depend increasingly aquaculture feeds containing ingredients from sustainable sources.
To meet this challenge, Nutrient Requirements of Fish and Shrimp, published earlier this year by the National Research Council (NRC), provides a comprehensive summary of current knowledge about nutrient requirements of fish and shrimp and supporting nutritional science. The 2011 edition incorporates new material and significant updates to information in the 1993 edition, and includes the practical aspects of feeding fish and shrimp.
The publication is expanded considerably from the 1993 report and contains several new chapters and sections. The topic of finding alternatives to fish meal and fish oil derived from marine resources in aquatic feed is introduced, and five chapters constituting more than 40 percent of the publication cover proteins and amino acids, lipids, carbohydrates and fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Another chapter identifies critical research needs for defining nutrient requirements with the hope that this will aid researchers, administrators, and others as future research agendas are developed.
The project was sponsored by the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the United Soybean Board, and the NRC. To ensure international representation, the committee responsible for assembling the material was composed of scientists from the United States, Canada, France, Norway, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom. On the committee was Dominique P. Bureau, University of Guelph, who is a well-respected researcher for rendered products in aquaculture feed. Albert Tacon, aquaculture consultant for the rendering industry, was one of many reviewers of the report.
August 2011 RENDER | back