The rendering industry in Chile is comprised of 17 rendering plants, with seven being packer renderers and 10 being independent renderers. There are also roughly 30 fish meal rendering plants.
The industry is somewhat fragmented due to the large distance between facilities as well as the diversity of raw materials. The Chilean sanitary authority, Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero (SAG), has made a dramatic effort to become more knowledgeable regarding rules, regulations, and operating parameters for rendering facilities and is working diligently to establish a good working relationship with everyone involved in safe feed/safe food.
SAG is responsible for inspecting farms that generate dead stock, slaughter facilities, rendering plants, and feed mills. Renderers that process poultry, swine, and fish raw material are inspected two times per year; renderers that handle bovine material are inspected four times per year. There are rendering plants with International Organization for Standardization, or ISO, certification; however, SAG is not involved in auditing or approving this process.
SAG plans to implement a regulation to restrict the use of dead stock in manufacturing of animal protein meals regardless of species. The National Renderers Association (NRA) has advised against this. Michael Langenhorst, acting as an NRA consultant, and German Davalos, NRA regional director for Latin America, recently attended a rendering seminar organized by SAG to train and encourage inspectors to follow rules that guide the U.S. rendering industry as opposed to adopting European regulations.
Currently in Chile, tallow and grease are only sold for pet food and oleochemical purposes, not for livestock feed. There is no testing for pesticides and no specific guidelines regarding the burning of tallow or grease in boilers.
The feeding of mammalian meat and bone meal to ruminants is prohibited in Chile, but it can be used in animal feed for poultry, swine, and pet food. Ruminant meat and bone meal is not used in aquaculture feed because of requirements by the importers of the final product (salmon and trout).
SAG doesn’t have a specific categorization of raw material in rendering. Resolution No. 5992 of October 5, 2010, establishes that based on Chile’s World Organization for Animal Health, or OIE, risk category for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (negligible risk), there are no organs considered as specified risk material.
The feed industry in Chile (manufacturers and intermediaries that sell feed) is required to keep records of its suppliers and clients. Currently, there are feed regulations related to aflatoxins and dioxin, but SAG is working on a new contaminant regulation that will include levels of pesticides, mycotoxins, heavy metals, etc., in complete feed and feed ingredients, including meat and bone meal, fat, oil, and tallow. Sterilization processes for rendered products are not compulsory in Chile.
The NRA’s mid- to long-term goal is to assist countries in Latin and South America develop less onerous requirements than those of the European Union, along with harmonizing these regulations throughout the region. This will make it easier to ship rendered products throughout the area and is part of the NRA International Market Development Committee’s strategy to be more proactive towards potential trade issues as opposed to a reactive approach.
Exports of U.S. rendered protein meals to Chile have increased exponentially in the first seven months of 2011 reaching a total of 13,095 metric tons, of which 11,569 metric tons was feather meal and 1,526 metric tons was poultry by-product meal. The volume of feather meal imported by Chile makes it the second largest market in the world for the United States after Indonesia.
December 2011 RENDER | back