Feed Rule Compliance Near Perfect

A report released in early February shows compliance with the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) ruminant feed ban to be nearly perfect.

As of January 28, 2012, FDA had received over 93,000 inspection reports since 1997, with 73 percent conducted by state feed control officials and the remainder by FDA officials. In its latest report, only two of the over 9,800 firms handling prohibited mammalian protein products – which include renderers, feed mills, protein blenders, and other firms such as ruminant feeders and pet food manufacturers – were classified as an official action indicated, which occurs when significant objectionable conditions or practices are found and regulatory sanctions are warranted in order to address the firm’s lack of compliance with the regulation. An example of this type of inspection classification would be findings of manufacturing procedures insufficient to ensure that ruminant feed is not contaminated with prohibited material. Both firms classified were renderers.

FDA also reported that 130 firms recently inspected were classified as voluntary action indicated, which is when objectionable conditions or practices are found that do not meet the threshold of regulatory significance, but do warrant advisory actions to inform the firm of findings that should be voluntarily corrected. FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine summation of the ruminant feed rule inspections is available at www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/NewsEvents/CVMUpdates/ucm290151.htm.

To help prevent the establishment and amplification of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) through feed in the United States, FDA implemented a final rule that prohibits the use of most mammalian protein in feeds for ruminant animals. This rule, Title 21, Part 589.2000 of the Code of Federal Regulations, referred to as the ruminant feed ban, became effective on August 4, 1997.

A second rule (Title 21, Part 589.2001), called the enhanced feed ban, became effective on April 27, 2009, and prohibits the use of certain cattle-derived materials in all animal feed.

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