The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is now requiring reporting of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and Swine Delta Coronavirus in order to slow the spread of these diseases across the country while maintaining movement of pigs. USDA is taking this action due to the devastating effect on swine health since PEDv was first confirmed in the United States last year, even though the virus is not a reportable disease under international standards. PEDv only affects pigs, does not pose a risk to people, and is not a food safety concern.
“USDA has been working closely with the pork industry and state and federal partners to solve this problem,” USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack stated. “Together, we have established testing protocols, sequenced the virus, and are investigating how the virus is transmitted.” The reporting actions will help identify gaps in biosecurity so USDA and industry can work together to stop the spread of both diseases and the damage caused to producers, industry, and consumers.
In addition to requiring reporting of PEDv, USDA will also require tracking movements of pigs, vehicles, and other equipment leaving affected premises; however, movements would still be allowed. USDA is also working with industry partners to increase assistance to producers who have experienced PEDv outbreaks in other critical areas such as disease surveillance, herd monitoring, and epidemiological and technical support.
USDA is already aiding researchers looking into the disease. The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is working with the National Animal Disease Center in Ames, IA, to make models of the disease transmission and testing feedstuffs. This modeling work is contributing to some experimental vaccines to treat affected animals.
A question-and-answer sheet on the new reporting requirement is available on the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service website at www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/animal_health/2014/faq_ped_reporting.pdf. A summary of USDA actions is available at www.usda.gov/documents/pedv-summary-actions.pdf.
June 2014 RENDER | back